Giza 45 is considered as the longest, thinnest, and strongest grade cotton with an astonishing uniformity index of 88.5. This uniformity index means that there are very minimum chances of any distortion or inconsistency in the production of this cotton. This ensures that most of the time the cotton that is being woven is the most highly graded, smooth and gives a silky feel. Giza 45 is considered as one of the most highly graded cotton fibre of the Egyptian cottons.
What are the other types of Giza cottons?
Basically, there are 6 different types of Giza cottons. They are divided into two categories, each containing 3 types of cottons. They are –
- Long Staple Fibres – This is the cotton that people like to prefer over the American Supima, because it is slightly better than that. Its length is 33mm and the diameter of the fibre ranges from 4.3 to 4.9. Their names are Giza 86, Giza 89, and Giza 90.
- Extra Long Staple Fibres – This category includes the remaining 3 types of Giza fibre that are the Giza 87, Giza 88 and Giza 45. These are considered as the premium grade fibres having a fine yarn diameter. But the Giza 45 is considered as one of the best out of these 3 types, mainly because of its uniformity index, that is 2.95.
What makes Giza 45 the best?
The Giza 45 is considered as the best cotton in the world, but there are different factors and conditions in which it grows that combines to make this the best one.
As mentioned above, the Giza 45 is considered in the extra long staple fibres category mainly because of its diameter and the uniformity that is never matched with any other type of cotton fibre in the world. These are the two underlying factors that different this cotton fibre from the others.
Strength – Its average breaking resistance is measured at an astonishing 44.3/tex, which means that when woven, the yarn will be producing one of the strongest cotton fibres in the world.
Cleanliness – Giza 45 is naturally cleaner than other cotton fibres, and adding that to the worldwide attention that it gets. It becomes obvious that it will be cultivated in comparatively cleaner conditions as compared to other cottons.
The natural cleanliness of this cotton has two basic benefits. The first is that there will be no brushing between other cotton fibres, which helps us to retain the original shape without creating many lose and ragged ends. The second advantage is that it does not require much amount of chemicals to get that cotton white colour. Also, these chemicals leave those cotton fibres weakened and damaged.
Hand Harvesting – To preserve this cotton, it is hand harvested. This ensures that there will be less damage to the cotton fibre as compared to the damage that would be done by the machines. This might end up increasing the cost of its production, but it ensures that the product is of the highest quality possible.
Maturity – This is something that a machine cannot determine (at least for now). And this is the main reason that the Egyptians prefer to harvest their cotton by hand, because then they will be able to analyze the maturity of the cotton before picking it. The more mature the cotton plant has become, the higher its strength will be, and the longer staple fibres would be produced by them.
Hand Combing – Even the cleaning of the cotton from different particles is done by hand. These picked cotton fibres are manually sifted through to remove any inferior particles and other types of irregularities. Once this sifting is done, specific spinners that are skilled in making the most of that extra long staple are hired to create the best yarn in the world.
The Perfect Growing Conditions
The Giza 45 is grown near to the river Nile, and does not need any artificial irrigation system because that is being provided by the river itself. Besides natural irrigation, that area experiences an average rainfall of 190mm in the 6 months, that is from October to April. This area is considered as one of the most fertile area in Egypt where rain, sun, soil and humidity combine to produce the best cotton fibre in the world. These are the perfect conditions that the Giza 45 gets to fulfill the worlds desire to use the best in the world cotton fibre. To top that off, the area where this cotton fibre is cultivated, is in the river Nile itself. It forms a triangle which then goes on to become one of the lush areas of Egypt. This can also be viewed from the satellite.
And since this area is near the river, the humidity is almost always constant at 60-70%. The temperature too doesn’t vary by huge numbers because the sea breezes cools down the dessert air.
Why Is Giza 45 so Expensive?
The raw Giza 45 cotton is 5 times the cost of the regular Egyptian cotton, even before it is woven. This is because the different manual methods to increase the yield and ensure the quality quickly adds to the cost of the production. Other than that, this cotton is rare, and is almost always high in demand. And because only a specific amount of yield can be produced, there will be orders that cannot be fulfilled. This exceeded demand then further increases the price of this cotton.